Questions tagged [hard-drive]

Questions about hard disks' performance, issues, tips, and software.

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186
votes
2answers
43k views

What are the different widely used RAID levels and when should I consider them?

This is a Canonical Question about RAID levels. What are: the RAID levels typically used (including the RAID-Z family)? deployments are they commonly found in? benefits and pitfalls of each?
129
votes
4answers
8k views

All servers flooded by salt water, is it possible to recover data from multi-platter drives?

All of my servers are currently flooded by salt water. Is it possible for each platter in a multi-platter drive to be separated, cleaned, imaged, and merged into a new virtual drive for data recovery?...
115
votes
9answers
189k views

How can I monitor hard disk load on Linux?

Is there a good command line utility to monitor hard disk load on linux? Something like top but then monitoring disk activity i.s.o. cpu usage. More specifically, I suspect that for some (heavy load) ...
107
votes
8answers
21k views

How can a single disk in a hardware SATA RAID-10 array bring the entire array to a screeching halt?

Prelude: I'm a code-monkey that's increasingly taken on SysAdmin duties for my small company. My code is our product, and increasingly we provide the same app as SaaS. About 18 months ago I moved our ...
97
votes
17answers
62k views

Does drilling a hole into a hard drive suffice to make its data unrecoverable?

We have a lot of PCs in the company and nobody wants to wipe a multitude of hard drives. We also have many apprentice toolmakers who really want to destroy things. Thus, every couple of months, our ...
97
votes
10answers
11k views

Is it better practice to buy RAID disks individually vs. in bulk?

This may sound like an odd question, but it's generated some spirited discussion with some of my colleagues. Consider a moderately sized RAID array consisting of something like eight or twelve disks. ...
73
votes
13answers
27k views

SSD or HDD for server

Issue I have read many discussions about storage, and whether SSDs or classic HDDs are better. I am quite confused. HDDs are still quite preferred, but why? Which is better for active storage? For ...
72
votes
17answers
18k views

Does orientation affect hard drive lifespan?

Are there any studies or evidence which show that mounting a hard drive horizontally is better than vertically for the lifespan of the device? Or upside down, or any direction for that matter.
62
votes
8answers
6k views

What are the advantages of tape drives?

IBM still develop and sell tape drives today. The capacity of them seems to be on a par with today's hard drives, but the search time and transfer rate are both significantly lower than that of hard ...
55
votes
4answers
68k views

Is it possible to on-line shrink a EXT4 volume with LVM?

Today I tried this on my machine with OpenSUSE 12.3 (kernel 3.7): # resize2fs /dev/mapper/system-srv 2G resize2fs 1.42.6 (21-Sep-2012) Filesystem at /dev/mapper/system-srv is mounted on /srv; on-line ...
50
votes
7answers
19k views

How can I successfully mount an 8-bit SCSI drive on a modern computer?

I have a number of internal 8-bit SCSI-1 drives that I'd like to archive for historical purposes. These are all the old NeXT Cubes and NeXTStations (monochrome and color) that were used by id ...
49
votes
23answers
11k views

How do I destroy a hard disk?

I have an old hard disk (Maxtor 250Gb) from about 3 years ago that started giving errors and now sits in a draw in my desk. It has some confidential data on it but it's unlikely that it can be read ...
47
votes
10answers
15k views

Linux on VMware - why use partitioning?

When installing Linux VMs in a virtualized environment (ESXi in my case), are there any compelling reasons to partition the disks (when using ext4) rather than just adding separate disks for each ...
47
votes
3answers
52k views

What are the merits of SAS vs SATA drives? [closed]

What are the merits of buying SAS drives over SATA drives, or vice versa?
44
votes
10answers
25k views

How should I burn in hard drives?

Google did a very thorough study on hard drive failures which found that a significant portion of hard drives fail within the first 3 months of heavy usage. My coworkers and I are thinking we could ...

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